Finally, radiation safety in the context of nuclear medicine will be discussed. Review of common occupational hazards and safety concerns. Depending on the type of medical examination they can be breathed in inhaled, injected, or swallowed. Technologists and staff nurses are also rotated in pet and spect on a monthly basis.
The risk of injury may be small or large depending on the type of activity undertaken. Radiation dosimetry committee of the society of nuclear medicine developed methodology for calculating radiation dose to selected organs and whole body from internally administered radionuclides two elements. This book will serve as the definitive source of detailed information on radiation, ionization, and detection in nuclear medicine. The international basic safety standards for protection against ionizing radiation and for the safety of radiation sources bss provide a worldwide basis for harmonized. It is also used in the basic sciences such as biology, in drug discovery and in preclinical medicine. Hybrid imaging systems integrating nuclear medicine imaging and computed tomography ct into. Payment information will be taken after you submit this form. Cancer therapy shows promise for nuclear medicine treatment. Every medical procedure performed on any person, whether a child or an adult, carries some risk of injury. The purpose of this article is to address common occupational hazards and safety concerns of nuclear medicine technologists.
Louis wagner, the chief physicist at the university of texas medical school at houston, explains the important distinction between risk of use and overuse of nonenergy. The benefits of nuclear medicine procedures are immense and certainly exceed the risks. Nuclear medicine uses radionuclides in medicine for diagnosis, staging of disease, therapy and monitoring the response of a disease process. In this second edition the author included topics such as progress made in pet agents, metabolic imaging, and therapeutic radiopharmaceutical agents and the radiation safety issues involved. Nuclear medicine resources manual this manual provides comprehensive guidance, at the international level, on many aspects of nuclear medicine practice, including education, training, facilities and equipment, quality systems, and radiopharmacy and clinical practice. Radiation safety in nuclear medicine, european journal of. Stuk radiation and nuclear safety authority to receive all alarms in connection with radiation and nuclear safety, and the operations are started within 15 minutes at any time of the day or night. Since most of the radiation exposure to the nuclear medicine physician is from radiopharmaceutical injections, this duty is equally shared by the physicians every day. Nuclear medicine is the second largest source of medical radiation exposure after computed tomography. Get ebooks radiation physics for nuclear medicine on pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi and audiobook for free. Radiation safety exam application nuclear medicine. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading radiation safety in nuclear medicine.
Pdf nuclear medicine physicians and radiation safety. Code of practice for radiation protection in nuclear medicine. Helsinki 20 issn 07894716 isbn 9789524787789 pdf isbn 9789524787796 html 1 general 3 2 definitions 3 3 use of radiation and the safety licence 3 3. The safety guide for radiation protection in nuclear medicine was again revised by the working group to take into. These include diseases of the heart, skeleton, brain, and kidneys as well as applications in oncology.
Presents a practical guide for radiation safety in nuclear medicine, with the. A gamma counter is a machine to measure gamma radiation emitted by a radionuclide. Icrp principles of radiation protection justification. A special camera that detects radiation is placed over the. The applicant may choose to adopt certain parts of this manual, and write new procedures for parts not adopted. It uses small amounts of radioactive material to help determine the presence and extent of conditions such as cancer, heart disease, or other abnormalities. Communication of radiation risk in nuclear medicine. A handbook for teachers and students chapter 3 slide 10103. Radiation safety in nuclear medicine, second edition. Once the radiopharmaceutical is given, the patient is usually asked to lie down on a table. Providing a basic understanding of nuclear medicine, its scientific basis, diagnostic and therapeutic applications, safety practices and regulations, and future directions, radiation safety in nuclear medicine, second edition. Radiation safety in nuclear medicine crc press book.
The diagnostic imaging department takes your radiation safety very seriously and adheres to regulations laid out in the harp act. However, this is only true when they are ordered appropriately and studies are optimized to obtain the best image quality with the lowest radiation dose. Furthermore, it is a pity that the latest recommen. Lombardi recent advances in the field of nuclear medicine nm are expanding the role and responsibilities of the nuclear medicine technologist nmt to include more complex and detailed tasks. Xray, ct and mammography images are created using xradiation. The practice of pediatric nuclear medicine requires attention to detail with regard to radiation protection of the health professionals involved in acquiring the studies, the patients, and their. During a nuclear medicine imaging procedure, doctors give patients radiopharmaceuticals. As with all places of employment, nuclear medicine, medical physics and research departments in the united kingdom which use radiation are required by legislation to make risk assessments.
The manual may be used as a guide by the applicant in preparing nuclear medicine radiation safety procedures. Radiation safety in nuclear medicine kindle edition by lombardi, max h download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. It will be of use to those working in both new and more developed nuclear medicine. To become aware of the bss requirements for the protection of the public and how these are applied to restrictions in the care of the nuclear medicine patients as well as the. The following article discusses various nuclear medicine diagnostic and therapeutic applications, and the technology behind them. Nuclear medicine is the use of radioactive sources in liquid form in medical diagnosis, therapy, and biomedical research. This is an ideal textbook for students and a ready source of useful information for nuclear medicine specialists and medical physics experts. Basic radiation biology concepts include the traditional assumptions of bergonie and tribondeau, who stated in 1906 that any cells that are immature, undifferentiated and actively dividing i. National conference on radiation protection in medicine was held on 3 october 2007, during the public consultation period, to provide the stakeholders a forum to discuss the code and safety guides. In addition, he underlines the benefits of merging pet with ct imaging.
In nuclear medicine, it is generally perceived that the radiation risk from routine nuclear medicine tests is very small, but finite. Radiation safety in nuclear medicine, 2nd edition pdf free. Radiation safety in nuclear medicine a practical, concise guide. There are more than 1 million books that have been enjoyed by people from all over the world. Radiation safety in nuclear medicine 2nd edition max h. All examination candidates must complete all sections of this application. Radiation safety in nuclear medicine, 2nd edition max h. Workers working in response to the emergency at the site of the fukushima daiichis nuclear plant are exposed to traditional osh risks including explosion and fire as well as to radiation. Radiation safety and protection of workers in nuclear and. Quality assurance of radiation counters radiation safety in the nuclear medicine department rationale design of the nm department description of some areas molecular medicine the radiation safety program rsp radiation safety committee rsc radiation safety officer rso radioactive. Guide for diagnostic nuclear regulatory commission.
Basic physics and radiation safety in nuclear medicine by. Radiation safety audit of a high volume nuclear medicine. Nmtcb radiation safety exam nuclear medicine technology. Radiation safety in nuclear medicine responds to the pressing need for a specially designed textbook for nuclear medicine nm students, physicians, and technologists, which details everyday practice of nm, its benefits, and risks. Dose constraints part 8 optimization of protection in medical exposure iaea training material on radiation protection in nuclear medicine 38. Radiation protection in pediatric nuclear medicine. All diagnostic nuclear medicine facilities must reevaluate their procedures and protection programs to determine whether these remain in compliance and what. Radiation protection in nuclear medicine springerlink. Radiation safety journal of nuclear medicine technology. Tell the doctor and the technologist performing your exam about any medications you are taking, including vitamins and herbal supplements. The nmtcb has developed a postprimary certification exam for radiation safety. In general, the amount of radiation from nuclear medicine procedures is similar to that from other radiologic. Download radiation ionization and detection in nuclear. We calculate radiation exposure to the nuclear medicine tech nologist for all.
The process could also be useful for other diseases that could benefit from. Radiation protection in medicine ncrp bethesda, md. See the safety in xray, interventional radiology and nuclear medicine procedures page for more information about pregnancy and breastfeeding related to nuclear medicine imaging. Radiation protection in nuclear medicine why is it important. Nuclear medicine and radiation protection sciencedirect. Radiation safety in nuclear medicine, lombardi, max h. The book closes by considering exposure of the public and summarizing the rules of thumb for radiation protection in nuclear medicine. Radiation protection in nuclear medicine 1 part 12 iaea training material on radiation protection in nuclear medicine protection of the general public 2 objective. The first edition of radiation safety in nuclear medicine was published in 1999. Cancer therapy can be much more effective using a new way to customize nuclear medicine treatment, researchers say. The actions of the authorities in a radiation hazard situation are planned in advance, and the operations are exercised on a regular basis. Unlike survey meters, gamma counters are designed to measure small samples of radioactive material, typically with automated measurement and movement of multiple samples. Safety in xray, interventional radiology and nuclear medicine.117 889 1352 219 521 1439 517 1439 1230 902 589 1315 932 1285 1603 411 888 306 1058 1087 703 55 1567 185 1112 714 193 1578 253 998 1309 34 694 1291 888 1282 670 249 1122 1178 418 941