Hebrews could be called the book of better things since the two greek words for better and superior occur 15 times in the letter. Why i dont want to read leviticus but should anyway. Matthew henry 18 october 1662 22 june 1714 was an english commentator on the bible, who published his works in 1706, sixvolume exposition of the old and new testaments 17081710 or complete commentary, provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the bible, covering the whole of the old testament, and the gospels and acts in the new testament. Smith, the letter to the hebrews, an element among the online course materials for the new testament and its context at atlantic baptist university. The text is traditionally attributed to paul the apostle, but doubt on pauline authorship in the roman church is reported by eusebius. Many of its topics and themes are difficult to understand, and it tends to approach them differently than other new testament books do. This book compellingly preaches and repreaches christ to those who know him even today. The standard letter format has a threepart opening. In this book we discover that the original audience was facing persecution and that they were tempted to turn away from christ.
Jan 26, 2012 27 videos play all nkjv new testament audio bible evangelia the holy bible book 43 john kjv dramatized audio duration. To show that the new covenant had replaced the old covenant. From the first records of the christian church, its origins and who wrote it have been contemplated. The new testament was written by jews, focuses on issues of interest to jews and was strongly influenced by the hebrew language.
Such a reference illustrates the tendency on the part of some christians to read their own ideas back into the literature of the ancient people of israel. Perhaps nowhere in the new testament does the old testament come into focus more than in the book of hebrews, which has as its foundation the levitical priesthood. The book of hebrews hebrews is one of the most challenging books in the new testament. Pentecost the number of the old testament quotations and allusions in each new testament book is as follows. The book of hebrews niv audio holy bible high quality and.
The son of god is better than angels, priests, old testament leaders. May 30, 2014 the book of hebrews is thought of as more elaborate and refined than all of the books in the new testament. See all 9 formats and editions hide other formats and editions. Although some include the book of hebrews among the apostle pauls writings, the certain identity of the author remains an enigma. The second psalm is quoted in the new testament, and is applied to our lord by the apostles acts 4. The book of hebrews is a general epistle apostolic letter. Letter to the hebrews, new testament letter traditionally attributed to paul but now widely believed to be the work of a jewish christian, perhaps one of pauls associates. There is only one quotation from the song of solomon. One such prophet was jeremiah, and his prophecy is cited by the author of the book of hebrews in our text. The use of the old testament in hebrews preaching source. To judge from its contents, the letter was addressed to a christian community whose faith was faltering because of strong jewish influences. Buy a cheap copy of hebrews ivp new testament commentary.
The new testament is the portion of the bible written after jesus rose from the dead and ascended into heaven. From the first records of the christian church, its origins. May 20, 2015 the epistle of hebrews from the holy bible new international version niv book 58 please note we have increased the volume and the pitch of the audio for a clearer sound, so this speed. Greene, offers fresh insight into a nt book whose circumstances remain quite enigmatic. Its purpose was to present the lord jesus christ as perfect and superior in comparison to anything. The book of hebrews boldly proclaims the superiority of jesus christ and christianity over other religions, including judaism. Themes in the book of hebrews jesus christ is superior. At least 7 key words are found in hebrews more than any other book in the new testament. A book about jews dealing with jews for the most part, the new testament depicts jews dealing with other jews on questions of importance to the jewish people. In this reading plan, well see how crucial it is that we stand strong in our faith, no matter what. In fact, hebrews is the only new testament writing to expound on jesus as the great high priest and final sacrifice. Epistle to the hebrews read the bible online bible study tools. The greek of the letter is in many ways the best in the new testament.
Throughout the book of hebrews, the superiority of christ is emphasized. The author is anonymous, although either paul or barnabas was traditionally accepted as the author. Hebrews for everyone the new testament for everyone paperback january 1, 2004 by tom wright author 4. Thats why the author of hebrews placed their emphasis on standing strong in the faith. Moses was the great lawgiver, but christ was the perfect fulfillment of the law. Hebrews is unique among new testament writings in its portrayal of jesus as high priest. Hebrews is often called a letter, but it lacks the kind of opening that appears in other new testament letters. It offers so much that we may never uncover more than a small portion of what it teaches. Hebrews for everyone the new testament for everyone. In fact, the author himself noted the priority of sophisticated theological reflection in passages like hebrews 5. Each book of the new testament was written by one of his apostles, and their disciples. The theological arguments in hebrews are more complex than many of those found in the rest of the new testament.
Every book of the old testament is quoted except obadiah, nahum, zephaniah, and esther. It stands between the two sections typically called the pauline corpus romans through philemon and the catholic letters james through jude. By the early 200s, origen may have been using the same twentyseven books as in the catholic new testament canon, though there were still disputes over the canonicity of the letter to the hebrews, epistle of james, ii peter, ii john and iii john and the book of revelation, known as the antilegomena. Yet, we can benefit in many ways from these complex teachings. The book of hebrews is one of the most challenging books of the new testament. Before looking in detail at what these old testament passages are, and why the authors interpretation of them is so important, we need to pause briefly to consider the situation of those to whom. The new testament books contain the history of the life and works of jesus christ, as well as the spread of the christian. Apart from romans, hebrews is the most doctrineheavy book of the new testament 1. The writer to the hebrews constantly compares the inadequacies of the old testament sacrificial system to the perfection and completion in christ. Missing is pauls customary salutation common to his other works. The letter to the hebrews is the nineteenth book in the new testament. Wright is the chair in new testament and early christianity at the university of st.
The high priest in the old testament offered sacrifices each year. The book of hebrews unveils christ as the one who is greater than each of the types and shadows that were pointing to him in the old covenant. The epistle of hebrews from the holy bible new international version niv book 58 please note we have increased the volume and the pitch of the audio for a clearer sound, so this speed. When you consider the wide agreement among biblical scholars about who wrote every other book of the new testament, its a little mysterious. To read more about jesus christ as the great high priest, see hebrews 9 and the commentary for hebrews 9.
Study the bible online using commentary on hebrews and more. A striking feature of this presentation of the gospel is the unique manner in which the author employs expositions of eight specific passages of the ot scriptures. But the book of hebrews stands apart from other new testament epistles due to the intensity of its exhortations. New testament and second temple judaism scholar eric mason argues that the conceptual background of the priestly christology of the epistle to the hebrews closely parallels presentations of the messianic priest and melchizedek in the qumran scrolls. Hebrews is one of the three new testament commentaries on a single old testament verse.
For the jews, moses was the most highly revered prophet, the one who received gods law. A call to be faithful and endure through trials hebrews 10. New testament of the bible cliffsnotes study guides book. Watch our overview video on the book of hebrews, which breaks down the literary. Hebrews makes important theological contributions to the biblical canon, it has. To explore the authors purpose, lets look more closely at the intensity of the exhortations that are so prominent in the book. Jesus is superior to the law and the old covenant hebrews 3. This summary of the book of hebrews provides information about the title, author s.
As a priest, jesus makes a sacrifice of atonement for sin, shows compassion toward the weak, and intercedes for people with god 2. Leopold fonck, the epistle to the hebrews, catholic encyclopaedia 1910 richard heard, the epistle to the hebrews, chapter 19 in an introduction to the new testament new york. Hebrews 11 commentary the bible study new testament. Such a reference illustrates the tendency on the part of some christians to read their own ideas back into the literature of. When the various new testament books were formally brought together into one collection shortly after. The most persuasive argument against pauline authorship. Book of hebrews overview insight for living ministries. Read hebrews commentary using peoples new testament.
This summary of the book of hebrews provides information about the title, author s, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of hebrews. Hebrews is the only new testament book to depict jesus as a high priest. No other book of the bible so thoroughly explores jesus new covenant and current priestly ministry like hebrews. Every epistle or letter in the new testament contains exhortations to its audience. Unfortunately, questions about authorship and the ways some heretical. The epistle to the hebrews, or letter to the hebrews, or in the greek manuscripts, simply to the hebrews. Written by one of the leading new testament scholars of the present generation, this commentary offers remarkable insights into the hellenistic, roman, and jewish contexts of the book of hebrews.
Theologically speaking, scholars generally regard the book of hebrews to be second in importance only to pauls letter to the romans in the new testament. First, in the earliest manuscript editions of the new testament books, hebrews is included after romans among the books written by the apostle paul. In hebrews, the author shows how jesus is the ultimate revelation of gods love and mercy and. Since the letter of clement of rome to the corinthians, written about a. Richard heard, the epistle to the hebrews, chapter 19 in an introduction to the new testament new york. His books include scripture and the authority of god, surprised by hope, simply christian, and evil and the justice. For people beginning to doubt the uniqueness and supremacy of christ, the author of the book of hebrews provided one of the longest, most profound arguments in the. The book of hebrews was written for the jews who had accepted jesus as their messiah.
With its myriad references to hebrew customs and the old testament, the book was likely sent to a jewish christian community, possibly in rome. Hebrews uses old testament quotations interpreted in light of first century rabbinical judaism. This was taken as evidence that paul had written it, and some eastern churches accepted hebrews as canonical earlier than in the west. Matthew henry 18 october 1662 22 june 1714 was an english commentator on the bible, who published his works in 1706, sixvolume exposition of the old and new testaments 17081710 or complete commentary, provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the bible, covering the whole of the old testament, and the gospels and acts in the. Hebrews is one of the most challenging books in the new testament. But it helps when we recognize that the original audience was facing persecution and that they were tempted to turn away from christ. Understood by cockerill to be a wellconstructed sermon that encourages its hearers to persevere despite persecution and hardships in light of christs unique. Significantly, the book makes no reference to the destruction of the temple at jerusalem in ad 70, and the author wrote as if the sacrificial system were still in existence hebrews 10. Hebrews 1 new international version niv gods final word. No other book so eloquently defines christ as high priest of christianity, superior to the aaronic priesthood, and the fulfillment of the law and the prophets. The new covenant is the subject of our text in hebrews 8 and beyond. Letter to the hebrews, new testament letter traditionally attributed to paul but. Smith, the letter to the hebrews, an element among the online course materials for the new testament and.
Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power. The book of hebrews hebrews is one of the most challenging. Christs sacrifice for our sins was perfect and complete. Jesus is greater, so hold fast to him overviewbible. The letter was composed sometime during the latter half of the 1st century. The book of hebrews niv audio holy bible high quality. The new testament books fall into five general categories.
Hebrews overview schaffs popular commentary on the new. The epistle to the hebrews nicnt written by first time contributor to the series gareth lee cockerill, and the first volume edited by joel b. In a logical argument, the author demonstrates christs superiority, then adds practical instructions for following jesus. He is the former bishop of durham in the church of england and is a prolific author and noted new testament scholar. In new testament times, the roman government persecuted the christians, and the book of revelation did for the christians of that day what the book of daniel did for the jews of an earlier date. The writer of this letter does not identify himself, but he was obviously well known to the original recipients. The new testament library offers authoritative commentary on every book and major aspect of the new testament, as well as classic volumes of scholarship. This section of the bible has been titled as a masterpiece and immensely complex. They were in danger of slipping back into the traditions of judaism because they had not put down roots in the soil of christianity. The book of hebrews is thought of as more elaborate and refined than all of the books in the new testament. The use of the old testament in hebrews has led some people to refer to the letter as the classical example of the new testament interpretation of the old testament.544 1550 558 656 1420 1036 1609 149 992 105 1604 1589 312 301 815 1097 1469 789 1464 555 1176 16 362 1027 1220 1189 1511 343 1119 623 1423 1130 533 39 1374 1104