Rmb internationalization accelerated in 2009 when china established the dim sum bond market and expanded crossborder trade rmb settlement pilot project, which helps establish pools of offshore rmb liquidity. Theory and policy qiyuan xu and fan he 1 executive summary with a balance between radicalism and gradualism, renminbi rmb crossborder settlement covers all of the items in chinas balance of payments bop, including financial accounts, although some of these accounts are. Guide to recent developments by hilary love, managing director, pncs foreign exchange group, and chris chen, representative, pnc shanghai representative office, china chinas dramatic growth in international trade has made it the second largest economy in the world, as well as the largest exporter. The internationalization of the renminbi, to first give it a definition, means taking the renminbi outside of china and allowing nonresidents to hold the renminbi extensively overseas and use it as a currency for routine payments, settlements, investments, and reserves. Payments and international investment position manual. Rmb internationalization has achieved progress not only in crossborder trade settlement. Internationalization of the renminbi is a stated goal of the chinese government, its brief flirtation with special drawing rights and an asian currency unit notwithstanding. I am told the article will be posted on the magazines website this week, and i will post a link when one is available.
Impacts of the internationalisation of renminbi rmb on global economic order. The excess of settlements in renminbi by chinese importers over renminbi settlement by chinese exporters leads to growing volumes of renminbi deposits offshore. The influence of rmb internationalization on the chinese economy. Moreover, rmb internationalization has already influenced the chinese economy and other emerging market economies. This is how we define the internationalization of the renminbi. Microstructure and links to the onshore market, journal of international money and finance, elsevier, vol. Developments in renminbi internationalisation alexander ballantyne, megan garner and michelle wright the internationalisation of the chinese renminbi rmb is proceeding at a measured pace, with a sequence of reforms designed to increase its use in international trade and investment. Renminbi internationalization brookings institution. Renminbi internationalisation and chinas financial development. Adb distinguished lecture renminbi internationalization. Over the longer term as the exchange rate becomes more market determined and as capital account liberalisation progresses the rmb has the potential to become a major global currency. The renminbi as an international currency barry eichengreen january 2010 1.
Note that the renminbi rmb is the name of chinas currency, while the yuan cny is the unit of currency. Internationalising the renminbi, rba bulletin print copy discontinued, reserve bank of australia, pages 7790, june. After long vacillation, beijing committed to making internationalization of the peoples currency a top policy goal, and a. Underdevelopment of the financial market in china as a. Introduction in this paper i ask how long it will take for the chinese renminbi to attain international currency status. All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. Not that long ago, the renminbi wasnt a fully functional currency even within chinas own borders. The renminbi is currently undergoing a process of internationalization which has raised fundamental questions about the evolution of the international monetary system and the dominance of the us. International currencies past, present and future papers in the. Since the late2000s, the peoples republic of china prc has sought to internationalize its official currency, the renminbi rmb. This paper discusses the status of the peoples republic of chinas prc financial markets and their depth and liquidity conditions.
Relaxation of the capital controls would put these policies at risk. It argues that the former has a direct impact on whether the internationalization of the renminbi can succeed. By then, evidently, many in chinas leadership had come to the same conclusion. See general information about how to correct material in repec for technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title. Domestic financial market development is a key determinant of a currencys international status, and financial depth and market liquidity are two essential attributes for an international currency.
Chinas attempts to internationalize the renminbi rmb have significant implications for the international monetary system and for economies across the world. Banknotes are issued in denominations from 1 fen to 100 renminbi. Gagnon is senior fellow and kent troutman is research analyst at the peterson institute for international economics. Internationalization of the renminbi is a stated goal of the chinese government, its brief flirtation with special drawing rights and an asian. When requesting a correction, please mention this items handle. China statistics year book, china custom statistics, national bureau of. In 20, the rmb was the 8th most traded currency in. The paper finds that the prcs financial markets are not as deep and liquid as those in developed economies, and are much less so than those with international currencies. Start this article has been rated as startclass on the projects quality scale. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. Knowledge and use of these by early adopters will create expertise that will be invaluable as the asset class grows in value and importance.
May 09, 2020 chinas covid19 diplomacy backfires in the philippines may 06, 2020. December 22, 2015 uncharted waters for the renminbi in 2016. Renminbi internationalisation and chinas financial development1 for now, effective capital controls allow the chinese authorities to retain regulated deposit and lending rates, quantitative credit guidance and bond market rationing. Strategies for internationalizing the renminbi yuanzheng cao. Internationalization of the renminbi is an integral part of that ambition. Three junctures for the internationalization of the. They thank nicholas borst, robert mccauley, frank packer, hung tran, edwin truman, and steve weisman for helpful. The internationalisation of the chinese renminbi rmb is proceeding at a measured pace, with a sequence of reforms designed to increase its use in international trade and investment. Will the renminbi emerge as an international reserve currency. To support the internationalization of the renminbi, the prc needs to remove several major obstacles to deepen its financial markets and improve their liquidity conditions.
Three junctures for the internationalization of the renminbi rmb thomas waikee yuen hong kong shue yan university as chinas economy continues to grow, it is agreed worldwide that the enminbi rmb should play a r more important role. Download citation adb distinguished lecture renminbi internationalization. Opportunities for china and the world yi huang the graduate institute, geneva and london business school paper presented at the international symposium on housing and financial stability in china. Renminbi internationalization and its implications. Internationalization of the renminbi is a stated goal of the chinese government, its brief. The internationalization of the renminbi has entered an adjustment and slowdown phase, said lian ping, chief economist at the bank of communications at a forum on tuesday. Chinese government began to promote renminbi rmb internationalization in order to raise its international status, decrease reliance on the us dollar usd and advance domestic structural reform.
Cny is the official iso currency code for chinas currency. May 02, 2014 the paper finds that the prcs financial markets are not as deep and liquid as those in developed economies, and are much less so than those with international currencies. Due to the 20082009 global financial crisis, the chinese government began to promote renminbi rmb internationalization in order to raise its international status, decrease reliance on the us. Dr zha xiao gang, the international political economy of renminbi internationalization, fifth session, iiss seminar, 2012, pages 110.
A fundamental constraint for renminbi internationalization is the prcs capital controls. Rmb internationalization in the past, rmb could only be held inside china and all of chinas internal trade was settled in rmb. Hosted by the chinese university of hong kong, shenzhen shenzhen, chinadecember 1819, 2015. Achievements, prospects, and challenges eichengreen, barry, kawai, masahiro. Internationalization of chinas renminbi slows down. Arguing that the banking system has a direct impact on whether the internationalization of the renminbi can succeed, this book indentifies the relationship between the two systems and helps to formulate the appropriate reform policies. Pdf on jan 1, 2016, daniela marconi and others published. This fact encouraged the author to explore barriers limiting the position of the renminbi as an international currency. In view of closer partnership between british and chinese central banks, i would like to keep an eye on the internationalization of the renminbi. Comparison of measurements of renminbi internationalization. Beijings plans to internationalize the rmb havent come to fruition. The internationalisation of the chinese renminbi rmb is proceeding at a measured pace, with a sequence of reforms. All imported goods, as well as services provided to foreign visitors, had to be paid for with foreign exchange certificates fec, in exchange for hard.
The renminbi has started to be used by nonresidents as a vehicle, and an invoicing, currency in trade and financial settlement, but only in a very limited way. Enter your mobile number or email address below and well send you a link to download the free kindle app. The books authors also argue that the international community especially the asian. The first effect of a renminbi revaluation would be an increase in us import prices. As the usoriginated global financial crisis continues to intensify, many observers tell the story of how the us dollar will lose its international preeminence as an international reserve currency. The peoples bank of china has exclusive authority to issue currency. The aim of the paper is to assess the development of the chinese financial market and its liquidity conditions from the perspective of their impact on currency internationalization. This paper summarizes the developments of rmb internationalization. China is currently the largest goods trading nation and has the second largest economy in terms of gdp after united states us. Developments in renminbi internationalisation reserve bank of. Renminbi internationalisation and chinas financial. The question of using the renminbi as an international currency is directly linked to the future of the us dollar. To place the question in relief, i start with an historical analogy.
The internationalization of the renminbi by ronald w anderson november 20, 2015 my subject is the internationalization of the renminbi rmb. The paper also compares the prcs financial markets with. The importance of the renminbi as an international currency is not relevant to chinas economic potential and role in the global economy. Over cny 270 billion in bonds are issued dim sum bonds rmb bank deposits reach rmb 100 billion in hong kong. One renminbi yuan is divided into 100 fen or 10 jiao. The books authors also argue that the international communityespecially the asian. But as the renminbi progresses as a trade finance, payments, and investment currency, does. While the development of the use of the chinese currency in international trade and finance has been ongoing for many years, the topic is very timely. Doing crossborder business in their own currency confers convenience value and efficiency advantages on. Chinas pursuit of renminbi internationalization has followed two interrelated tracks to date. Barry eichengreen is a nonresident cigi senior fellow. Within government circles a distinct shift of mood was soon apparent.
The rmb internationalization initiative has implications for both the chinese and. This book presents the theoretical framework for the evolution of the international monetary system and the internationalization of the rmb. Oct 20, 2012 the growing role of the renminbi in china. It is, essentially, a window onto the chinese governments aspirations and the larger process of economic and financial transformation. Renminbi internationalization asian development bank. That said, in this lecture i consciously take a more skeptical view and see. Renminbi internationalization is a hot topic, for good reason. Microstructure and links to the onshore market, cesifo working paper series 4850, cesifo group munich. London, 2 september 2014 whether you call it the renminbi, the yuan, or the redback, theres no denying the chinese currencys increased presence on the global stage. This book investigates whether the reform of chinas banking system is compatible with currency system reform. The mit press is a leading publisher of books and journals at the intersection of science, technology, and the arts. Chinese officials understand that a dollarcentric international monetary and financial system is a mixed blessing.
Chinese renminbi, are likely to share this international currency role in the. Investments in a new asset class companies can invest in dim sum bonds, renminbi commodity funds and renminbi etfs exchangetraded funds. A renminbi revaluation would not reduce the us trade deficit. Chinese officials understand that a dollarcentric international monetary and financial system is a mixedblessing. Rmb internationalization has achieved significant progresses in the past five years. But the renminbi cannot become a true international currency until chinese authorities drop their strict limits on capital flows between china and the rest of the world.331 827 126 1197 108 520 768 360 1130 343 521 1558 327 1391 419 1498 207 1612 1436 158 455 507 85 1383 729 1116 934 469 398 1206 1184 520 1112 646 375 746 460 614 1473 592 1391 887 977