A link to a photo album of members of the lamiaceae can be seen a thomas elpels site below. The taxonomy of liliaceae has had a complex history since the first description of this flowering plant family in the mideighteenth century. The trumpet vine family, bignoniaceae, also has twolipped flowers as in jacaranda and catalpa the acanth family, acanthaceae, has a twolipped design as in shrimp plant, acanthus, and others several other smaller related families also display the 2lipped design, so the usual combination of fragrant leaves and the definitive 4. Originally, the liliaceae or lily family were defined as having a calix perianth of six equalcoloured parts, six stamens, a single style, and a superior, threechambered trilocular ovary turning into a capsule fruit at maturity. Unesco eolss sample chapters economic botany twentyfive economically important plant families b. It belongs to asphodelaceae liliaceae family, and is a shrubby or arborescent, perennial, xerophytic, succulent, pea green color plant. Classification, evolution, and phylogeny of the families of. Hempnettles, deadnettles and many familiar herbs and culinary plants mint, thyme, sage are members of the mint family lamiaceae, formerly known as labiatae, which is quite large with 250 genera and around 8,000 species. In these areas people use different plants and plant parts for food, medicine, fodder, fuel, dye for festivals, rituals and various other functions.
Fabaceae, pea family of flowering plants angiosperms, within the order fabales. The plant list includes 14,258 scientific plant names of species rank for the family malvaceae. As such, it has considerably more reading than most of the other lessons. The mulberry family moraceae comprises about 40 genera and some 1,000 species of deciduous or evergreen trees and shrubs, distributed mostly in tropical and subtropical regions. Plants of the family contain a milky latex and generally feature unusual fruits formed by the fusion of the ovaries of. Its members are often aromatic and are characterized by hollow stems, taproots, and flattopped flower clusters known as umbels. The arum family araceae comprises 114 genera and about 3,750 species of flowering plants.
The lily family, liliaceae, consists of about 254 genera and about 4075 known species of flowering plants within the order liliales. Historically, species of the family lamiaceae have enjoyed a rich tradition of use for flavouring, food preservation, and medicinal purposes, due to both their curative and their preventive. Solomons seal, trillium, onions, and chives are in this family. We do not intend the plant list to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. They are mainly ornamental plants, but include vegetables of the onion family onion, garlic, leek, chives and asparagus. Plants of the lily family most showy monocot flowers with parts in threes belong to the lily family or one of its allies. An overview on liliaceae botany biology discussion. Tricks to memorise examples of various families fabaceae. Allioideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family amaryllidaceae, order asparagales. Read this article to learn about families of flowering plants and their economic importance. Several species are usually used to show the range of major.
About the classification report about the classification download. Genetic analysis has been performed to examine phylogenies for the family, individual subfamilies, tribes, and the larger genera. The members are distributed in the temperate regions of both northern and southern hemisphere. Study of medicinal uses on fabaceae family at rajshahi. The figures are somewhat more modest in finland with around 20 genera containing almost 50 species. Labiatae, tulsi, coleus, spearmint, aromatic created date. Bennett encyclopedia of life support systemseolss the seed and is used to manufacture mats, brushes, twine and rope. Medicinally potential plants of labiatae lamiaceae family. Some useful plants of the botanical family lauraceae.
Monocots, push up leaves from base, long thin leaves, flowers in racemes, store nourishment in swollen bulbs underground shoots, long life cycle, mostly biennial or perennial. Families of flowering plants and their economic importance. Taxonomy plant family scientific name asteraceae plant propagation protocol for erigeron humilis esrm 412 native plant production spring 2015 source. Involves determination of families, genera and species most common in.
Coconut leaves are split longitudinally for roof thatch. It includes trees, shrubs, and perennial or annual herbaceous plants, which. Comprising 434 genera and about 3,700 species, the carrot family apiaceae is a significant group of flowering plants. Apiaceae formerly umbelliferae celery or carrot family. Third largest family of flowering plants and second only to the cereals in economic importance. Vegetables ii fabaceae, liliaceae, solanaceae, and. They are mainly ornamental plants, but include vegetables of the onion family onion, garlic, leek, chives and asparagus, and some species have been used medicinally. The botanical binomial system was devised to assign a unique botanical name to each plant and it works like family names. The traditional malvaceae coincides exactly with one of the major clades. How herbs are related posted by agatha noveille comments 0. The leaves are simple, coriaceous, alternate or rarely opposite, usually entire, with or without stipules. Plant rotation in the garden based on plant families. Members of the family usually have sixsegmented flowers and threechambered capsular fruits.
Biol 474 plant family descriptions alaska geobotany center. Family description according to the plant taxonomists, it has been estimated that a total of 2 to 3 million plant species exists on our planet. The objective of thepresent study was to document the. Plants of the heath family the heath family is as exciting to know as blueberries and huckleberries vaccinium. Many species in this family are cultivated for food, such as beans, peas, peanuts, and soybean. The plant list includes a further 1,027 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family liliaceae. A very diverse family which is divided into several different families by some workers.
Baskets, back pats, and hats are woven from the leaf. Plant identification lesson aim know the plant naming system and how plants are classified this first lesson sets the stage, so to speak, for the remainder of the course. The leaves are alternate or less often opposite or whorled. The plant list includes 22,486 scientific plant names of species rank for the family lamiaceae. These species can be ornamental or medicinal, or can be eaten or used to make textiles. Trick to learn floral formula and diagrams of family fabaceae, solanaceae, liliaceae etc. The family is widespread, occurring on every continent from boreal to tropical regions. Formula and diagrams of family fabaceae, solanaceae, liliaceae etc. Bennett encyclopedia of life support systemseolss compound leaves are alternate. Botanical and common names, families, distribution and. The flowers are often showy and are nearly always bisexual and actinomorphic. Widely distributed in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere economic uses. Home plant families lamiaceae labiatae lamiaceae or labiatae list of plants from lamiaceae labiatae family total 16 plants from lamiaceae labiatae.
The local people have huge knowledge about the uses of plants and plant parts. They are monocotyledonous, perennial, herbaceous, often bulbous geophytes. This is one of the largest plant families, with about 3500 species distributed throughout the world. The lamiaceae plant family is one of the largest families among the dicotyledons, many species belonging to the family being highly aromatic, due to the. Vegetable plantvegetable plant families and page f their. Grouping vegetables according to plant families louis. Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants. The plant list includes a further 7,437 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family lamiaceae. Southern africa has a total of 225 plant families with the 52 largest families covering over 90% of the flora. Fabaceae is the second largest family of medicinal plants, containing over 490 medicinal plant species, most of which have been used as traditional medicines. Dicots most of the other larger plant families have two seed leaves. Liliaceae is the botanical name for the lily family. We will treat the agavaceae as a family and study the members of this family at the same time that we study the liliaceae. It was formerly treated as a separate family, alliaceae.
Given the importance of lilies and related genera for the horticultural trade there is a vast literature on the family. Kikar mimosaceae india and tropical africa used for making furnitures, tanning, dyeing fabrics yellow, stem yields gum while. Pdf medicinal plants of the family lamiaceae as functional. Onagraceae is a family of flowering plants, known as the willowherb family or evening primrose family. Classification for kingdom plantae down to family lamiaceae. The family is cosmopolitan, and includes about 250 species in 14 genera, classified into two subfamilies. Classification for kingdom plantae down to family liliaceae. The very small 5merous flowers have an inferior ovary composed of 25 connate carpels. The family is named after the genus onagra now known.
Solanaceae, liliaceae and fabaceae family an overview. Some of the most important families of flowering plant and their economic importance are as follows. The plant list includes 1,991 scientific plant names of species rank for the family liliaceae. The fabaceae or leguminosae, commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, are a large and economically important family of flowering plants. Many are ornamental plants with beautiful flowers, including amaryllis, daffodils, tulips. The botanical name of aloe vera is aloe barbadensis miller. Fabaceae, which is the third largest family among the angiosperms after. Grewia asiatica the fruits are acidic and syrups are made from it. From wood 1974, a students atlas of flowering plants, p. Polygonaceae family, also known as the buckwheat family, includes buckwheat grain, rhubarb, and sorrel. Each family is illustrated by analytical drawings of the flower, fruit, seed, and usually inflorescence. Identification of medicinal plants in the family fabaceae. Liliaceae, the lily family of the flowering plant order liliales, with 16 genera and 635 species of herbs and shrubs, native primarily to temperate and subtropical regions. The lamiaceae labiatae is one of the most diverse and widespread plant families in terms of ethnomedicine and its medicinal value is based on the volatile oils concentration 1.
Malvaceae family, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants that includes okra, cotton, and cacao. Onion family also liliaceae or amaryillidaceae onion, garlic, leek, and chive. Morphology and phytograph multiple choice questions mcqs nitrogen metabolism objectives osmosis photoperiodism photosynthesis plant anatomy development plant movements plant systematics plasma membrane. Botanical and common names, families, distribution and use of plants sr. They are common in the maltese islands and other mediterranean countries for the fact that some of them produce a high amount of essential oil that enables them to survive the hot summer season. Plants in this family typically have simple, straplike leaves, flowers with six. Members of the family usually have sixsegmented flowers and threechambered. The family tiliaceae has been divided into four tribes. Plants in this family have evolved with a fair amount of morphological diversity despite genetic similarity. Treatments with the use of various plants have historically formed the basis of sophisticated traditional medicine, preceding the established scientific literature by thousands of years. Cinnamon spice for cooking, bay leaves for flavoring, camphor for moth repellant and medicinal purposes, myrtlewood and stinkwood furniture, sassafras tea and avocado. Many plant of this family provide timber for building furniture and fuel. The only possible problem is the relationship with the bombacaceae, which also has primarily 1loculed anthers, and some authorities have suggested that the bombacaceae should be included within the malvaceae. The liliaceae family includes plants with leaves that are usually vertical and very long, as well as flowers with six colorful petals.
In spite of their wispy little stems and small leaves that may nearly disappear in dry weather, flax plants open up a whole bouquet of fresh flowers each day with the rising sun. Reduced monocot phylogeny of required families perennial herbs, rarely branched, usually with bulbs and contractile roots. Many plants in this family aid digestion and soothe stomachaches. This family is also known as papilionaceae or fabaceae or commonly known as pea family. Malvaceae, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. Click on names to expand them, and on p for plants profiles. The lily family 16 genera 635 species distribution. Melanthiaceae plants of the bunchflower familyformerly included within the lily family most plants in the bunchflower family have bunches of little white or greenish, lilylike flowers with 3 sepals and 3 petals that are identical in size and color, plus 6 stamens, and a 3parted pistil. Plant family botanical plant family name foods in the family algae algae agaragar, carrageen, kelp kombu, dulse amaryllis family amaryllidaceae agave, mescal, pulque and tequila apple family rosaceae this is part of a larger food family that is often broken down into the apple, plum and berry families apple, apple cider, apple. The below mentioned article provides an overview on family liliaceae. A very important medicinal plant family is the labiatae family, also known as the mint family.
Lilies have 3 sepals and 3 petals, which are identical in size and color often referred to as 6 tepals. Allergenic crossreactivity in the liliaceae family. Poisonous activty the bulbs of some species are poisonous to household pets causing bulb toxicosis if eaten and may cause serious complications, such as renal failure in cats from lilies, particularly lilium longiflorum easter lily. Field characteristics of common plant families in new mexico. Liliaceae plants often have flowers with parts in threes, and have roots that develop into bulbs or corms. The plant family in the region which has the highest number of species and infraspecific taxa in trade is liliaceae sense alto. Perhaps most surprising, the fiveyear effort to map the entire family tree for all plants involving more than 200 scientists in 12 countries has determined that a rare and previously unheralded tropical flower is the closest living relative of the earths first flowering plant.
Liliaceae lily family malvaceae mallow family rosaceae rose family solanaceae tomato family donate to botany every day. Show full abstract common name, and the plant part traded. Start with the surname the plant genus, followed by the. The plants typically grow in poor, acidic soils or bogs. Botany for the herbalist common plant families 7song, director northeast school of botanical medicine this handout describes common plant families in the us and canada. Tomato, eggplant, bell pepper, chili pepper, tobacco, and potato. Herbaceous, 3merous flowers which are distinctive and known to most. Seeds of all the monocot families such as liliaceae, iridaceae, other bulbs, grasses and palms will come up with only one seed leaf. Gardeners with limited space may simply divide up their garden plot into three or four sections and rotate plant families around the garden, while others have separate plots they use for. This peanut oil is hydrogenated and used as vegetable oil. The table on the following pages lists several vegetables, herbs, fruit, cut flowers, bedding plants, cover crops and weeds by plant family.
It is a terrestrial plant widely distributed in temperature and tropical countries of the world. Ethanomedicinal use of plants belonging to families fabaceae. The common name for members of the genus agave is the century plant or agave. List of plants from liliaceae family total 2 plants from liliaceae. The plant list includes a further 1,685 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family malvaceae. Includes many ornamentals as well as onion, garlic, and chives. Among them, around two lakh species are angiosperms flowering plants, while others include gymnosperms, bryophytes, hydrophytes and other vascular and nonvascular plants. Botanical name common name name of family distribution traditional uses of plants photo 1.
Also a commonly cultivated garden plant in malesia, especially for lining borders, but never flowering in the lowlands. It include about 650 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees in 17 genera. Herbs rarely shrubs, stem underground rhizome, corm or bulb. Now that we have all of the families sorted out, were ready to cover what grows well together and what combos help repel pests. Economic botany twentyfive economically important plant families b. Tricks to memorise examples of various families fabaceae,solanaceae, liliaceae for neet and aiims. This family includes mostly shrubs some herbs and trees with usually alternate, often evergreen leaves. Trick to learn floral formula and diagrams of family. A link to a photo album of members of the liliaceae using an older broader taxonomic definition of the family can be seen a thomas elpels site below. It is considered to be the second largest family of dicotyledonous plants. The sapotaceae are trees or shrubs with milky sap comprising about 70 genera and 800 species that are often further characterized by the presence of reddishbrown hairs on the leaf undersides and other plant surfaces.
There are 31 species of medicinal plants belonging to 20 genera in the family fabaceae that have been described in the chinese pharmacopoeia chinese pharmacopoeia commission, 2005, as. Each family segment contains general characteristics of the family as well as some of the more commonly known species within. There are about 240 genera and 4000 species in this family. Plants in this family, are herbs or shrubs often with an aromatic smell. Corchorus the well known jute fibre, is obtained from this plant. Botany 115 economic plant families palomar college. As treated very broadly, the liliaceae are mostly perennial herbs from starchy rhizomes, corms, or bulbs comprising about 280 genera and 4,000 species. Plants of the flax family flax plants wake up with a cheer every morning. Plant family names can be easily identified because they end in aceae. It grows mainly in the dry regions of africa, asia, europe and america. It is a common garden plant with leaves in several whorls and broadly bellshaped, red to yellowish flowers in umbels. The lily family, liliaceae, comprises 16 genera and just under 650 species, which are mostly native to temperate and subtropical regions of the northern hemisphere. Study of medicinal uses on fabaceae family at rajshahi, bangladesh. Some botanists feel that the agavaceae is not a true family, but put the members of this family in the amaryllidaceous and the liliaceae.
Wellknown members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao and durian. The production and consumption of vegetables has expanded dramatically in the last years, with a global growth in the production of more than 50% in the last decade, a rate of increase that is much higher than for other plant commodities. The subfamily name is derived from the generic name of the type genus, allium. The flowers are characteristically borne on a distinctive inflorescence known as a spadix and are usually surrounded by a single leaflike bract known as a. Theres a brief introduction to some of the main plant families here. Rosaceae family is robustly monophyletic, it has added to the debate on the sub family and tribal groupings. Medicinal plants of the family lamiaceae as functional foods. Review on some medicinal plants of zingiberaceae family 1. The large number of plant species in this region ca. Introduction medicinal plants have been used for centuries as remedies for human diseases. Rhamnaceae is a large family of flowering plants, mostly trees, shrubs, and some vines.939 539 1038 952 811 1511 1395 924 790 1104 1493 1351 876 766 1505 458 285 1230 209 331 1216 1272 692 494 876 594 1029 422 771 596 1273 1313 13 1006 698 1472 1100 963 1392 1271 336 634 1265